I-WALAMAR Sustainable Transformations in rural Morocco




  • Environment - Infrastructure and Sustainability

The Moroccan agriculture is in transformation and is experiencing intensification and commercialization, which, in addition to social and economic impacts, has significant impacts on soil and water resources in key growing areas such as the Fès-Meknès region (FMR). Climate change is triggering additional stress on water and land resources.

A consortium of four Germany research institutes and five commercial enterprises, led by Research Institute for Water and Waste Management at RWTH Aachen (FiW) has come together with Moroccan partners under the coordination of the Universitè Moulay Ismael to carry out innovative research on practical solutions for local land, water and resource management, the re-use of scarce resources, the preservation of ecosystem services, the restoration of heavily degraded soils and an optimization of cultivation practices in the FMR. The aim is to identify potential uses for peasants and agricultural companies and to advise political decision-makers, private companies and other users on their feasibility in the sense of sustainable rural development.

BICC's subproject aims to capture and evaluate the socio-economic sustainability and potential risks of transformation processes in rural Morocco that are induced by innovative agricultural practices and new technologies. Our specific work goals are:

  • Analysis of the socio-economic transformations in the FMR, taking into account changing livelihoods and market structures, rural-urban migration, and new strategies and technologies for water and land management;
  • GIS and satellite-based documentation and quantification of land use change in the FMR;
  • Analysis of the acceptance of technical, political and organizational innovations in land use, irrigation and resource management by local users;
  • Assessment of local capacities to integrate land use, irrigation and resource management innovations into existing cultivation practices and related conflict risks and sustainability potentials.

BICC worked closely together with scientists from the Université Moulay Ismail, in particular from the Institute of Sociology, as well as from the École nationale d'agriculture de Meknès to carry out the project.

Project partners

Forschungsinstitut für Wasser- und Abfallwirtschaft an der RWTH Aachen e.V. (FiW)
Fachgruppe Agrartechnik in den Tropen und Subtropen der Universität Hohenheim
Institut für Angewandte Polymerchemie der Fachhochschule Aachen (IAP)
Palaterra Betriebs- und Beteiligungsgesellschaft mbH
TRAC Technik LBVGmbH, Wülfrath
SEBA Hydrometrie GmbH & Co. KG


Associated project partners
GEA Westfalia Separator Group GmbH
Lemken - The Agrovision Company


Moroccan cooperation partners
Université Moulay Ismail, Meknès
IAV Institut Agronomique et Véterinaire Hassan II
Agro-pôle Olivier, Meknès
École nationale d'agriculture de Meknès
Régie Autonome de Distribution Eau et Electricité Meknès (RADEM)
Agence du Bassin Hydraulique de Sebou (ABH Sebou), Fèz



Project Website

Client II - IWALAMAR project presentation

CLIENT II: Regionalvideo MENA - YouTube


Project Team


  • FiW


  • BMBF - Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung

Duration of project

July 2019 - December 2022


Navarro, R., & Wirkus, L., & Dubovyk, O.

Spatio-Temporal Assessment of Olive Orchard Intensification in the Saïss Plain (Morocco) Using k-Means and High-Resolution Satellite Data