Exodus aus Afghanistan: Wie Deutschland Selbsthilfe und Eigeninitiativen unterstützen kann

Release Date



  • English
  • German


In BICC Policy Brief 5\2018 the authors Katja Mielke and Elke Grawert discuss how Germany can support the agency of Afghans in protracted displacement.
Based on their field research, they in particular recommend:
\ Take the initiative for Afghanistan in the Global Compact for Migration: For labour market policy measures and simplified money transfers  
Since February this year, the intergovernmental negotiation process on developing the Global Compact for Migration has been taking place in New York.  The German government should (1) advocate for the National Labour Migration Strategy and the National Labour Policy of the Government of Afghanistan to be  taken into account. It should (2) support a reduction in transfer fees for remittances sent by Afghan migrants, as suggested by the KfW.  
\ Enshrine the rights of internally dis- placed people and refugees in regional host countries in the Global Compact on Refugees  
The government should work towards ensuring that  internally displaced people in Afghanistan and refugees  in the regional host countries, Iran and Pakistan, receive  the right to education, land and housing, medical care  and effective legal protection as a matter of principle.   
\ No deportations or repatriation programmes from Germany, the EU, Iran and Pakistan without a guarantee of sustainably secure living conditions   
Administrative authorities in the German states should only carry out deportations of Afghans if they can guarantee the safety of the deportees in the long term and enable sustainably humane living conditions.
\ Germany needs an immigration law that is also beneficial to people from Afghanistan. 
An immigration law would regulate legal access to the German jobs and educational/training markets for qualified people and skilled workers from abroad, including from Afghanistan, and rule out the immigration of ineligible people. 
\ Extend vocational training and employment schemes to areas which are not under full control of the Afghan government 
Training and employment schemes should be implemented in areas that are under the control of the government as well as outside of these areas through collaboration with locally elected community development councils, guilds and professional associations. 


BICC_Policy_Brief_5_2018_Afghanistan_e.pdf [English] (208.58 KB);
download icon


BICC_Policy_Brief_5_2018_Afghanistan_d.pdf [German] (224.56 KB)
download icon

Cite as

@techreport{GrawertMielke2018, author = "Elke Grawert and Katja Mielke", title = "Exodus aus Afghanistan: Wie Deutschland Selbsthilfe und Eigeninitiativen unterstützen kann", latexTitle = "Exodus aus Afghanistan: Wie Deutschland Selbsthilfe und Eigeninitiativen unterst{'u}tzen kann", publisher = "BICC", number = "5", institution = "BICC", type = "BICC Policy brief", year = "2018", address = "Bonn", }


BICC Policy brief