Agents and Patterns of Security and War

bicc’s research on agents and patterns of security and war delves into the mechanisms of organised violence. Projects contributing to this topic explore how individuals and groups secure themselves, how violence is used at different levels of social organisation, and the possible implications of transforming how war is conducted.

 

The analysis of organised violence's practises and structures is a critical component in understanding violent conflicts. The topic at hand pertains to the means by which individuals safeguard themselves against acts of violence and the mechanisms through which they engage in collective acts of violence against others.

bicc investigates practices of security-making and war-making at various levels of social organisation. We examine the various strategies vulnerable groups employ to protect themselves from external threats in their daily routines. Likewise we critically reflect on the—often violent—practices of securitisation, which may secure some individuals but make others less secure.

Additionally, we also examine continuous changes in the conduct of combat to gain an understanding of their broader social, political, and ethical ramifications.

The availability of novel technologies, as well as their application to warfare and mobility control, is reshaping military theory and practice all across the world, not only in Western countries. We're interested in military AI applications and the spread of long-range precision attack weapons (such as cruise missiles, precision-guided munitions, or drones).

We also look at how kinetic and hybrid warfare, deception, and soft, smart, and sharp power strategies interact to legitimise organised violence. Finally, we examine several facets of armed group organisation, both regular and irregular, and the economic factor (e.g., illicit economies).

Our research examines their incentives and motivations, everyday practices, process aspects, networks and organisational structures, social embeddedness, and resource endowments and limits. In particular, we follow the trajectories of individuals as they move in and out of armed groups, including their transition back to civilian life.

Our Topic Experts

Marius Bales

PhD-Researcher

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Dr Markus Bayer

Senior Researcher

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Milena Berks

Researcher / Project Officer

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Dr Claudia Breitung

Technical Advisor/Senior Researcher

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Dr Osman Bahadır Dinçer

Senior Researcher

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Dr Boubacar Haidara

Senior Researcher

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Elvan Isikozlu

Senior Management \ Head of Advice and Scientific Transfer

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Dr Max Mutschler

Senior Researcher

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Dr Oyewole Oginni

Senior Researcher

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Evelyne Atieno Owino

PhD-Researcher

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Professor Dr Conrad Schetter

Director

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Ryan Swan

Fellow

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Dr Marc von Boemcken

Senior Management \ Head of Research

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Lars Wirkus

Senior Management \ Head of Research Infrastructure and Data

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Selected Publications

Breitung, C., & Berks, M., & Haidara, B., & Oginni, O.

Coup in Niger: Why Military Interventions are Doomed to Fail

bicc , Bonn (2023)

Open

Oginni, O.

Prisoner’s Dilemma: Hedging Loyalties in (Un)Governed Space of the Lake Chad Basin

(2023)

Open

Berks, M., & Breitung, C., & Engelberth, S., & Richards, J.

Between concepts and reality: How to deal with armed groups in transition phases of violent conflict?

bicc , Bonn (2022)

Open

Berks, M., & Breitung, C., & Richards, J., & Tonn, A.

The evolving nature of DDR. Study on engaging armed groups across the peace continuum

UN Office of Rule of Law and Security Institutions (OROLSI) & BICC (2021)

Open

Heinemann-Grüder, A.

Dogs of War: Russia's Corporate Warriors in Armed Conflicts

EUISS (2023)

Open

Bales, M., & Heinze, M., & Mutschler, M.

Zooming in on the Yemen War - The Future of Warfare and Human Rights in the Middle East

Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung , Bonn (2023)

Open

Related Projects

Armed Groups in the Sahel

2022-11

running

Support to the Research and Knowledge Transfer Office Security Sector Reform (SSR Hub) of the Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy Hamburg

2022-09

running

On the road to liquid warfare?

2020-10

running

The consolidation of de facto regimes: a comparison of post-Soviet cases

2020-01

closed

Kurdish Actor Networks in the Middle East

2017-04

closed

Collective action of non-state armed groups in the Ukrainian conflict

2016-05

closed

On the phenomenon of so-called Islamic State (IS) in Afghanistan

2016-03

closed

Forms of local security in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan—The emergence of securityscapes

2015-03

closed

Reflection Group "Monopoly for the use of force 2.0?"

2014-12

closed

International academic conference “Challenges of organized violence: New research and potentials for conversion”

2014-06

closed

Wartime Rape and Post-Conflict Research Project

2011-01

closed

Development of an online presence on "Figures and Facts on War and Peace"

2010-01

closed

Facts and Figures on war and peace—interactive online portal

2010-01

closed

After the US elections—before the elections in Iran: On the interdependency of international politics and the internal development of Iran—New chances for a compromise in the nuclear dispute

2009-01

closed

Commercial provision of security in development countries

2009-01

closed

Mercenary identities: The self-image of employees of private military-security companies in Iraq

2009-01

closed

The role of the security sector for the stabilization and dynamics of semi-authoritarian and authoritarian regimes in Central Asia

2008-01

closed

The Role of External Actors in civil war economies in Sub-Saharan Africa

2005-01

closed